source:docs/EuroPar2011/typeinst.tex@4448

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2%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% file typeinst.tex %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
3%
4% This is the LaTeX source for the instructions to authors using
5% the LaTeX document class 'llncs.cls' for contributions to
6% the Lecture Notes in Computer Sciences series.
7% http://www.springer.com/lncs       Springer Heidelberg 2006/05/04
8%
9% It may be used as a template for your own input - copy it
10% to a new file with a new name and use it as the basis
11% for your article.
12%
13% NB: the document class 'llncs' has its own and detailed documentation, see
14% ftp://ftp.springer.de/data/pubftp/pub/tex/latex/llncs/latex2e/llncsdoc.pdf
15%
16%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
17
18
20
21\usepackage{amssymb}
22\setcounter{tocdepth}{3}
23\usepackage{graphicx}
24
25\usepackage{url}
26\urldef{\mailsa}\path|{alfred.hofmann, ursula.barth, ingrid.haas, frank.holzwarth,|
27\urldef{\mailsb}\path|anna.kramer, leonie.kunz, christine.reiss, nicole.sator,|
28\urldef{\mailsc}\path|erika.siebert-cole, peter.strasser, lncs}@springer.com|
30\noindent\keywordname\enspace\ignorespaces#1}
31
32\begin{document}
33
34\mainmatter  % start of an individual contribution
35
36% first the title is needed
37\title{Lecture Notes in Computer Science:\\Authors' Instructions
38for the Preparation\\of Camera-Ready
39Contributions\\to LNCS/LNAI/LNBI Proceedings}
40
41% a short form should be given in case it is too long for the running head
42\titlerunning{Lecture Notes in Computer Science: Authors' Instructions}
43
44% the name(s) of the author(s) follow(s) next
45%
46% NB: Chinese authors should write their first names(s) in front of
47% their surnames. This ensures that the names appear correctly in
48% the running heads and the author index.
49%
50\author{Alfred Hofmann%
51\thanks{Please note that the LNCS Editorial assumes that all authors have used
52the western naming convention, with given names preceding surnames. This determines
53the structure of the names in the running heads and the author index.}%
54\and Ursula Barth\and Ingrid Haas\and Frank Holzwarth\and\\
55Anna Kramer\and Leonie Kunz\and Christine Rei\ss\and\\
56Nicole Sator\and Erika Siebert-Cole\and Peter Stra\ss er}
57%
58\authorrunning{Lecture Notes in Computer Science: Authors' Instructions}
59% (feature abused for this document to repeat the title also on left hand pages)
60
61% the affiliations are given next; don't give your e-mail address
62% unless you accept that it will be published
63\institute{Springer-Verlag, Computer Science Editorial,\\
64Tiergartenstr. 17, 69121 Heidelberg, Germany\\
65\mailsa\\
66\mailsb\\
67\mailsc\\
68\url{http://www.springer.com/lncs}}
69
70%
71% NB: a more complex sample for affiliations and the mapping to the
72% corresponding authors can be found in the file "llncs.dem"
73% (search for the string "\mainmatter" where a contribution starts).
74% "llncs.dem" accompanies the document class "llncs.cls".
75%
76
77\toctitle{Lecture Notes in Computer Science}
78\tocauthor{Authors' Instructions}
79\maketitle
80
81
82\begin{abstract}
83The abstract should summarize the contents of the paper and should
84contain at least 70 and at most 150 words. It should be written using the
85\emph{abstract} environment.
86\keywords{We would like to encourage you to list your keywords within
87the abstract section}
88\end{abstract}
89
90
91\section{Introduction}
92
93You are strongly encouraged to use \LaTeXe{} for the
94preparation of your camera-ready manuscript together with the
95corresponding Springer class file \verb+llncs.cls+. Only if you use
96\LaTeXe{} can hyperlinks be generated in the online version
98
99The \LaTeX{} source of this instruction file for \LaTeX{} users may be
100used as a template. This is
101located in the authors'' subdirectory in
102\url{ftp://ftp.springer.de/pub/tex/latex/llncs/latex2e/instruct/} and
103entitled \texttt{typeinst.tex}. There is a separate package for Word
104users. Kindly send the final and checked source
105and PDF files of your paper to the Contact Volume Editor. This is
106usually one of the organizers of the conference. You should make sure
107that the \LaTeX{} and the PDF files are identical and correct and that
108only one version of your paper is sent. It is not possible to update
109files at a later stage. Please note that we do not need the printed
110paper.
111
112We would like to draw your attention to the fact that it is not possible
113to modify a paper in any way, once it has been published. This applies
114to both the printed book and the online version of the publication.
115Every detail, including the order of the names of the authors, should
116be checked before the paper is sent to the Volume Editors.
117
118\subsection{Checking the PDF File}
119
120Kindly assure that the Contact Volume Editor is given the name and email
121address of the contact author for your paper. The Contact Volume Editor
122uses these details to compile a list for our production department at
123SPS in India. Once the files have been worked upon, SPS sends a copy of
124the final pdf of each paper to its contact author. The contact author is
125asked to check through the final pdf to make sure that no errors have
126crept in during the transfer or preparation of the files. This should
127not be seen as an opportunity to update or copyedit the papers, which is
128not possible due to time constraints. Only errors introduced during the
129preparation of the files will be corrected.
130
131This round of checking takes place about two weeks after the files have
132been sent to the Editorial by the Contact Volume Editor, i.e., roughly
133seven weeks before the start of the conference for conference
134proceedings, or seven weeks before the volume leaves the printer's, for
135post-proceedings. If SPS does not receive a reply from a particular
136contact author, within the timeframe given, then it is presumed that the
137author has found no errors in the paper. The tight publication schedule
138of LNCS does not allow SPS to send reminders or search for alternative
139email addresses on the Internet.
140
141In some cases, it is the Contact Volume Editor that checks all the final
142pdfs. In such cases, the authors are not involved in the checking phase.
143
144\subsection{Additional Information Required by the Volume Editor}
145
146If you have more than one surname, please make sure that the Volume Editor
147knows how you are to be listed in the author index.
148
150
151The copyright form may be downloaded from the For Authors"
152(Information for LNCS Authors) section of the LNCS Website:
154to the Contact Volume Editor, either as a scanned pdf or by fax or by
155courier. One author may sign on behalf of all of the other authors of a
156particular paper. Digital signatures are acceptable.
157
158\section{Paper Preparation}
159
160Springer provides you with a complete integrated \LaTeX{} document class
161(\texttt{llncs.cls}) for multi-author books such as those in the LNCS
162series. Papers not complying with the LNCS style will be reformatted.
163This can lead to an increase in the overall number of pages. We would
164therefore urge you not to squash your paper.
165
166Please always cancel any superfluous definitions that are
167not actually used in your text. If you do not, these may conflict with
168the definitions of the macro package, causing changes in the structure
169of the text and leading to numerous mistakes in the proofs.
170
171If you wonder what \LaTeX{} is and where it can be obtained, see the
172\textit{LaTeX project site}'' (\url{http://www.latex-project.org})
173and especially the webpage \textit{How to get it}''
174(\url{http://www.latex-project.org/ftp.html}) respectively.
175
176When you use \LaTeX\ together with our document class file,
177\texttt{llncs.cls},
178your text is typeset automatically in Computer Modern Roman (CM) fonts.
180\emph{not} change the preset fonts. If you have to use fonts other
181than the preset fonts, kindly submit these with your files.
182
183Please use the commands \verb+\label+ and \verb+\ref+ for
184cross-references and the commands \verb+\bibitem+ and \verb+\cite+ for
185references to the bibliography, to enable us to create hyperlinks at
186these places.
187
188For preparing your figures electronically and integrating them into
189your source file we recommend using the standard \LaTeX{} \verb+graphics+ or
190\verb+graphicx+ package. These provide the \verb+\includegraphics+ command.
191In general, please refrain from using the \verb+\special+ command.
192
193Remember to submit any further style files and
194fonts you have used together with your source files.
195
197
198Headings should be capitalized
199(i.e., nouns, verbs, and all other words
200except articles, prepositions, and conjunctions should be set with an
201initial capital) and should,
202with the exception of the title, be aligned to the left.
203Words joined by a hyphen are subject to a special rule. If the first
204word can stand alone, the second word should be capitalized.
205
206Here are some examples of headings: Criteria to Disprove
207Context-Freeness of Collage Language", On Correcting the Intrusion of
208Tracing Non-deterministic Programs by Software", A User-Friendly and
209Extendable Data Distribution System", Multi-flip Networks:
210Parallelizing GenSAT", Self-determinations of Man".
211
212\subsubsection{Lemmas, Propositions, and Theorems.}
213
214The numbers accorded to lemmas, propositions, and theorems, etc. should
215appear in consecutive order, starting with Lemma 1, and not, for
216example, with Lemma 11.
217
218\subsection{Figures}
219
220For \LaTeX\ users, we recommend using the \emph{graphics} or \emph{graphicx}
221package and the \verb+\includegraphics+ command.
222
223Please check that the lines in line drawings are not
224interrupted and are of a constant width. Grids and details within the
225figures must be clearly legible and may not be written one on top of
226the other. Line drawings should have a resolution of at least 800 dpi
227(preferably 1200 dpi). The lettering in figures should have a height of
2282~mm (10-point type). Figures should be numbered and should have a
229caption which should always be positioned \emph{under} the figures, in
230contrast to the caption belonging to a table, which should always appear
231\emph{above} the table; this is simply achieved as matter of sequence in
233
234Please center the figures or your tabular material by using the \verb+\centering+
235declaration. Short captions are centered by default between the margins
236and typeset in 9-point type (Fig.~\ref{fig:example} shows an example).
237The distance between text and figure is preset to be about 8~mm, the
238distance between figure and caption about 6~mm.
239
240To ensure that the reproduction of your illustrations is of a reasonable
241quality, we advise against the use of shading. The contrast should be as
242pronounced as possible.
243
244If screenshots are necessary, please make sure that you are happy with
245the print quality before you send the files.
246\begin{figure}
247\centering
248\includegraphics[height=6.2cm]{eijkel2}
249\caption{One kernel at $x_s$ (\emph{dotted kernel}) or two kernels at
250$x_i$ and $x_j$ (\textit{left and right}) lead to the same summed estimate
251at $x_s$. This shows a figure consisting of different types of
252lines. Elements of the figure described in the caption should be set in
253italics, in parentheses, as shown in this sample caption.}
254\label{fig:example}
255\end{figure}
256
257Please define figures (and tables) as floating objects. Please avoid
258using optional location parameters like \verb+[h]+" for here".
259
260\paragraph{Remark 1.}
261
262In the printed volumes, illustrations are generally black and white
263(halftones), and only in exceptional cases, and if the author is
264prepared to cover the extra cost for color reproduction, are colored
265pictures accepted. Colored pictures are welcome in the electronic
266version free of charge. If you send colored figures that are to be
267printed in black and white, please make sure that they really are
268legible in black and white. Some colors as well as the contrast of
269converted colors show up very poorly when printed in black and white.
270
271\subsection{Formulas}
272
273Displayed equations or formulas are centered and set on a separate
274line (with an extra line or halfline space above and below). Displayed
275expressions should be numbered for reference. The numbers should be
276consecutive within each section or within the contribution,
277with numbers enclosed in parentheses and set on the right margin --
278which is the default if you use the \emph{equation} environment, e.g.,
279\begin{equation}
280  \psi (u) = \int_{o}^{T} \left[\frac{1}{2}
281  \left(\Lambda_{o}^{-1} u,u\right) + N^{\ast} (-u)\right] dt \;  .
282\end{equation}
283
284Equations should be punctuated in the same way as ordinary
285text but with a small space before the end punctuation mark.
286
287\subsection{Footnotes}
288
289The superscript numeral used to refer to a footnote appears in the text
290either directly after the word to be discussed or -- in relation to a
291phrase or a sentence -- following the punctuation sign (comma,
292semicolon, or period). Footnotes should appear at the bottom of
293the
294normal text area, with a line of about 2~cm set
295immediately above them.\footnote{The footnote numeral is set flush left
296and the text follows with the usual word spacing.}
297
298\subsection{Program Code}
299
300Program listings or program commands in the text are normally set in
301typewriter font, e.g., CMTT10 or Courier.
302
303\medskip
304
305\noindent
306{\it Example of a Computer Program}
307\begin{verbatim}
308program Inflation (Output)
309  {Assuming annual inflation rates of 7%, 8%, and 10%,...
310   years};
311   const
312     MaxYears = 10;
313   var
314     Year: 0..MaxYears;
315     Factor1, Factor2, Factor3: Real;
316   begin
317     Year := 0;
318     Factor1 := 1.0; Factor2 := 1.0; Factor3 := 1.0;
319     WriteLn('Year  7% 8% 10%'); WriteLn;
320     repeat
321       Year := Year + 1;
322       Factor1 := Factor1 * 1.07;
323       Factor2 := Factor2 * 1.08;
324       Factor3 := Factor3 * 1.10;
325       WriteLn(Year:5,Factor1:7:3,Factor2:7:3,Factor3:7:3)
326     until Year = MaxYears
327end.
328\end{verbatim}
329%
330\noindent
331{\small (Example from Jensen K., Wirth N. (1991) Pascal user manual and
332report. Springer, New York)}
333
334\subsection{Citations}
335
336For citations in the text please use
337square brackets and consecutive numbers: \cite{jour}, \cite{lncschap},
338\cite{proceeding1} -- provided automatically
339by \LaTeX 's \verb|\cite| \dots\verb|\bibitem| mechanism.
340
341\subsection{Page Numbering and Running Heads}
342
343There is no need to include page numbers. If your paper title is too
344long to serve as a running head, it will be shortened. Your suggestion
345as to how to shorten it would be most welcome.
346
347\section{LNCS Online}
348
349The online version of the volume will be available in LNCS Online.
350Members of institutes subscribing to the Lecture Notes in Computer
351Science series have access to all the pdfs of all the online
352publications. Non-subscribers can only read as far as the abstracts. If
353they try to go beyond this point, they are automatically asked, whether
354they would like to order the pdf, and are given instructions as to how
355to do so.
356
358it will also be included in the meta data of the online version.
359
360\section{BibTeX Entries}
361
362The correct BibTeX entries for the Lecture Notes in Computer Science
363volumes can be found at the following Website shortly after the
364publication of the book:
365\url{http://www.informatik.uni-trier.de/~ley/db/journals/lncs.html}
366
367\subsubsection*{Acknowledgments.} The heading should be treated as a
368subsubsection heading and should not be assigned a number.
369
370\section{The References Section}\label{references}
371
372In order to permit cross referencing within LNCS-Online, and eventually
373between different publishers and their online databases, LNCS will,
374from now on, be standardizing the format of the references. This new
375feature will increase the visibility of publications and facilitate
377examples below. References that don't adhere to this style will be
378reformatted by Springer. You should therefore check your references
379thoroughly when you receive the final pdf of your paper.
380The reference section must be complete. You may not omit references.
381Instructions as to where to find a fuller version of the references are
382not permissible.
383
384We only accept references written using the latin alphabet. If the title
385of the book you are referring to is in Russian or Chinese, then please write
386(in Russian) or (in Chinese) at the end of the transcript or translation
387of the title.
388
389The following section shows a sample reference list with entries for
390journal articles \cite{jour}, an LNCS chapter \cite{lncschap}, a book
391\cite{book}, proceedings without editors \cite{proceeding1} and
392\cite{proceeding2}, as well as a URL \cite{url}.
393Please note that proceedings published in LNCS are not cited with their
394full titles, but with their acronyms!
395
396\begin{thebibliography}{4}
397
398\bibitem{jour} Smith, T.F., Waterman, M.S.: Identification of Common Molecular
399Subsequences. J. Mol. Biol. 147, 195--197 (1981)
400
401\bibitem{lncschap} May, P., Ehrlich, H.C., Steinke, T.: ZIB Structure Prediction Pipeline:
402Composing a Complex Biological Workflow through Web Services. In: Nagel,
403W.E., Walter, W.V., Lehner, W. (eds.) Euro-Par 2006. LNCS, vol. 4128,
404pp. 1148--1158. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)
405
406\bibitem{book} Foster, I., Kesselman, C.: The Grid: Blueprint for a New Computing
407Infrastructure. Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco (1999)
408
409\bibitem{proceeding1} Czajkowski, K., Fitzgerald, S., Foster, I., Kesselman, C.: Grid
410Information Services for Distributed Resource Sharing. In: 10th IEEE
411International Symposium on High Performance Distributed Computing, pp.
412181--184. IEEE Press, New York (2001)
413
414\bibitem{proceeding2} Foster, I., Kesselman, C., Nick, J., Tuecke, S.: The Physiology of the
415Grid: an Open Grid Services Architecture for Distributed Systems
416Integration. Technical report, Global Grid Forum (2002)
417
418\bibitem{url} National Center for Biotechnology Information, \url{http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov}
419
420\end{thebibliography}
421
422
423\section*{Appendix: Springer-Author Discount}
424
425LNCS authors are entitled to a 33.3\% discount off all Springer
426publications. Before placing an order, the author should send an email,
427giving full details of his or her Springer publication,
428to \url{orders-HD-individuals@springer.com} to obtain a so-called token. This token is a
429number, which must be entered when placing an order via the Internet, in
430order to obtain the discount.
431
432\section{Checklist of Items to be Sent to Volume Editors}
433Here is a checklist of everything the volume editor requires from you:
434
435
436\begin{itemize}
437\settowidth{\leftmargin}{{\Large$\square$}}\advance\leftmargin\labelsep
438\itemsep8pt\relax
439\renewcommand\labelitemi{{\lower1.5pt\hbox{\Large$\square$}}}
440
441\item The final \LaTeX{} source files
442\item A final PDF file
443\item A copyright form, signed by one author on behalf of all of the
444authors of the paper.
445\item A readme giving the name and email address of the
446corresponding author.
447\end{itemize}
448\end{document}
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